Wandering China

An East/West pulse of China's fourth rise from down under.

China’s Emerging Migration Issue: Wife Hunting [Voice of America] #China #Migration #GenderImbalance #OneChildPolicy

Voice of America on the consequences of China’s sex imbalance – partly due to policy, partly due to long embedded cultural favouritism. The result – mass internal migration from rural to urban areas for mate ‘hunting‘. Will it be able to rise peacefully unto itself?

As China continues to rise however, and as its middle class booms and fans outward of the metaphorical Great Wall… I feel this is eventually more a problem for host nations than for China itself. Its long history of sojourning Chinese only continues.

‘Normal birth ratios are 105 males for every 100 females. But in China, it is now about 120 to 100. Mara Hvistendahl says China has some history dealing with migration and sex imbalance.’

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China’s Emerging Migration Issue: Wife Hunting
Source – Voice of America, published December 20, 2012

Photo source - AP, in Voice of America, 2012

Photo source – AP, in Voice of America, 2012

The migration of people from one area to another has historically been related to some aspect of survival. In China, however, experts are looking at a phenomenon often overlooked as a cause for mass migration – men looking for a mate.

Chinese culture has always favored sons. But combining that preference with a one-child policy that has sought to control population growth and an advancement in technology that boosted safe abortions, China today has a population that is greatly skewed towards males.

The Population Reference Bureau based in Washington estimates China now has 41 million bachelors who will not have women to marry. That number is growing by some estimates to 55 million in less than 10 years. Many men in China are now moving, mostly from rural to urban areas, to look for a wife.

Please click here to read the rest of the article at the source.

Read the rest of this entry »

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Filed under: 2010 National Census, Beijing Consensus, Chinese Model, Collectivism, Culture, Domestic Growth, Education, Environment, Government & Policy, History, Lifestyle, Map, Modernisation, Peaceful Development, People, Politics, Population, Public Diplomacy, Reform, Social, The Chinese Identity

China and the map of nine dotted lines [Straits Times]

China’s behaviour toward actors in the South China Sea certainly go contrary against their peaceful development rhetoric. And it seems categorising their territorial disputes as domestic affairs has become fashionable. This comes in from Singapore’s Straits Times as we turn the pages of history with Wang Gungwu who looks at how the Chinese in a sense, did not feel the need for naval superiority in the open seas, until recently.

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China and the map of nine dotted lines
by Wang Gungwu for the Straits Times
Source – Straits Times, published July 11, 2012

THERE has been much debate about the Chinese map of the South China Sea with its nine dotted lines denoting an area where China believes it has legitimate claims. How these lines came about has been a subject of much speculation.

What is clear is that the lines marking Chinese interests were drawn after World War II when Nationalist China saw the end of Japanese naval power and watched the Western imperial powers leaving the region or being forced to decolonise. After 1949, the successor state, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), retained the map to show its territorial limits.

During the Cold War that followed, moves were made by new states in the region to register territorial claims, but the Chinese map seemed to have aroused little international interest. Far greater matters of how the world was to be divided were at stake. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: ASEAN, Beijing Consensus, Charm Offensive, Chinese Model, Government & Policy, Influence, International Relations, Map, Mapping Feelings, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Nationalism, Peaceful Development, Philippines, Politics, Public Diplomacy, Resources, Soft Power, South China Sea, Strategy, Territorial Disputes, The Chinese Identity, The construction of Chinese and Non-Chinese identities, , ,

The Population of China’s Provinces Compared [Map]

Highly useful reference map from Strange Maps yet again, this one published in 2008. It compares China’s provincial populations against world populations to give a birds-eye sense of scale to the middle kingdom’s size.

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Map 312 – The Population of China’s Provinces Compared
Source – StrangeMaps@Wordpress
Date of Access – 10 Feb 2010

Source - strangemaps.wordpress.com

China is the world’s most populous nation (1). That much anybody knows. But even if we know a bit more (that the number of Chinese is around 1.32 billion, which is just under 20% of all humans alive today), that figure is still too big to mean much beyond that China is ‘number one’ (2). This map compares the population of China’s provinces (plus the ‘renegade province’ of Taiwan), autonomous regions and municipalities with those of whole countries, and thus helps shed some light on that issue.

Here, for easy reference, is a list in descending order of magnitude of those Chinese territories (their population in brackets) followed by the foreign country they compare to.

  1. Guangdong (113 million) Germany plus Uganda (3)
  2. Henan (99 million) Mexico
  3. Shandong (92 million) Philippines
  4. Sichuan (87 million) Vietnam
  5. Jiangsu (75 million) Egypt
  6. Hebei (68 million) Iran
  7. Hunan (67 million) France
  8. Anhui (65 million) Thailand
  9. Hubei (60 million) U.K.
  10. Guangxi (49 million) Burma/Myanmar
  11. Zhejiang (47 million) South Africa
  12. Yunnan (44 million) Colombia
  13. Jiangxi (43 million) Tanzania
  14. Liaoning (42 million) Argentina
  15. Guizhou (39 million) Sudan
  16. Heilongjiang (38 million) Poland
  17. Shaanxi (37 million) Kenya
  18. Fujian (35 million) Algeria
  19. Shanxi (33 million) Canada
  20. Chongqing (31 million) Morocco
  21. Jilin (27 million) Afghanistan
  22. Gansu (26 million) Saudi Arabia
  23. Inner Mongolia (24 million) North Korea
  24. Taiwan (23 million) Yemen
  25. Xinjiang (20 million) Madagascar
  26. Shanghai (18 million) Cameroon
  27. Beijing (16 million) Angola
  28. Tianjin (12 million) Cuba
  29. Hainan (8 million) Austria
  30. Hong Kong (7 million) El Salvador
  31. Ningxia (6 million) Sierra Leone
  32. Qinghai (5 million) Slovakia
  33. Tibet (3 million) Jamaica
  34. Macau (0,5 million) Cape Verde

Some obvious conclusions (from a non-expert, non-Chinese point of view):

  • Most of China’s main administrative subdivisions are literally unheard-of in the rest of the world, save for some obvious exceptions like Tibet, Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong.
  • The names of some provinces sound especially indistinguishable (or at least  are rather indistinct to western ears): Hebei and Hubei; Shanxi and neighbouring Shaanxi;  not to mention Jiangxi and Guangxi; or Hainan, Hunan and Henan.
  • The well-known pattern of heavy population density on the coast and lesser density inland belies the fact that even in the most far-flung provinces, the populations are not exactly tiny (Xinjiang: 20 million, Inner Mongolia: 24 million), Heilongjiang: 38 million, Yunnan: 44 million), except in Qinghai (5 million) and Tibet (3 million).

This map was sent in by Isaac Lewis, who was “inspired by the map that did something similar for US states and international GDPs (here and here) in order to “get a perspective on just how many people 1.3 billion actually is.”

“Mostly the provinces and their labels are very close in population,” Mr Lewis explains. “The largest difference is between Henan province (98.7 million) and Mexico (106.7 million). Other than that, they’re mostly within 1 or 2 million of each other.”

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(1) The world’s least populous nation? The British dependency of Pitcairn in the Pacific, by some reckonings (50 inhabitants). Or the Vatican (800 registered inhabitants, very low birth rate) by others. The smallest non-dependent, ‘real’ nation? How about Nauru, another Pacific island nation, with about 10,000 inhabitants.

(2) The Indians, by the way, are number two, with 1.1 billion people (or 17% of the world’s population). India is slated to surpass China as the world’s most populous nation in a few decades’ time.

(3) See note in bottom left hand corner of map.

Filed under: Influence, Map, Population

China As A World Power: How Big? [Map]

Posted in 2007 at the Strange Maps blog, a very interesting and useful repository of infographics. Am not sure where they got this map from, but it sure looks useful as a point of graphical reference, at least for the Asian region.

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Map 129 – China As A World Power: How Big?
Source – Strange Maps @ WordPress
Date of Access – 09 Feb 2010

China As A World Power: How Big? Source - strangemaps.wordpress.com

China is flexing its economic muscle nowadays, a process the country itself terms a peaceful rise. One wonders what will happen when China will have ‘risen’: to what degree will China flex its political and military muscle? Will it want to dominate the region – or the world? This map basically outlines two scenarios: China as a regional power, and China as a world power.

The ‘regional’ map shows China’s sphere of influence extending over Mongolia, North Korea, Taiwan, the Indochinese states of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos, but also Thailand, Burma/Myanmar and the continental part of Malaysia. A remarkable addition in the west is Pakistan, giving China almost immediate access to the Persian Gulf.

The ‘global’ map sees China’s influence extended beyond the countries just mentioned, to most of the former Soviet Central Asian ‘stans’ (except Turkmenistan), part of Afghanistan, the whole of Indonesia, the rest of Malaysia, the Philippines, South Korea and significant parts of the Russian Far East.

In both scenarios, friction remains possible with two other regional powers remaining independent, India and Japan.

Filed under: Greater China, Influence, Map, Soft Power

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